Implantable BioFuel Cells

With the progress of biomedical devices, physicians and healthcare specialists have been trying to use more and more implantable devices to treat certain conditions of their patients ranging from birth defects to organ failures. To this regard, battery‐powered implantable devices have been in use for fifty years, following implantation of the first successful cardiac pacemaker in 1960. The development of lithium batteries in the late 1960s led to better, smaller devices that showed multiyear longevity and high reliability. Still, the lithium batteries present many drawbacks in terms of safety, reliability, longevity. This why there are numerous efforts to develop alternative power‐supply systems, safer, more reliable, and capable of operating independently over prolonged periods of time without the need of external recharging or refueling.

Several tracks have been explored in order to power implanted devices with energy scavenged from human body. They are called Biofuel Cells.


The aim of the IBFC project is to optimize the power output of Implantable BioFuel Cells (IBFC).

Potential Applications of IBFC


Better IBFC could open new applications ranging from neuro-stimulators and drugs pumps, to insuline pumps and bone growth stimulators.